The French Castle, Fort Niagara, New York
This building - the oldest in North America between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River - has guarded the entrance to the Niagara River (between Lakes Erie and Ontario) for more than 280 years. It was built by the French in 1726-27 to withstand Iroquois and British attacks. But it was more than a fort, it was also a trading post.
Canada is on the other side of the river.
Blue (and striped blue/pink) shows territory once held by France in North America
Even though I "learned" it in school, I have recently come to realize how much of North America France had claimed before 1763. NONE of Canada was held by the British before 1713.
On the ground floor, part of the stone arch that strengthens the building and helps support the stone floors above
Here you can see stairs that lead to the second floor. Climb the stairs to find...
Stone walls and floor on first floor (which I would call the second floor)
a storage chest, a table and two chairs in front of a window and...
various rooms, including this officer's quarter. The room was chilly in November when we were there, and I could only shiver as I imagined what it would be like to sleep in this room in January and February. AH! The good old days, eh?
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